»The body light, the heart full of joy«
Meditation guide by Sun Simiao
Translated and commented by Yürgen Oster
Sun Simiao, a famous doctor of the Tang Period, not only made a major contribution to the development of Chinese medicine with his writing. He also addressed issues of mental balance, because he viewed a correct lifestyle as the path to health. Yürgen Oster provides an introduction to the field of meditation and comments on the “Writings for Maintenance of Shen and Cultivation of Qi” in which Sun Simiao describes the path from collecting Qi in the dantian through to immortality, which involves five steps for calming the spirit and seven further stages.
New qualities in movement
Physiology and effects of Taijiquan
By Ulrich Kersting and Stephan Röll
The effects of Taijiquan can be described on many different levels. Ulrich Kersting and Stephan Röll have conducted an in-depth examination of the effects of Taiji-typical movements on the involved muscles and the related processes in the central nervous system. In order to illuminate the physical processes they first explain the workings of our motor system and describe the difference between the intentional motor system on the one hand and the supporting motor system on the other – a difference that is of essential importance for Taijiquan. Using a simple basic exercise from Li style Taijiquan they then show how the constant and conscious change of physical load and differentiated movement sequences increases the ‘flow of information’ between muscles and brain, trains the supporting motor system and improves self-perception.
Life-care through the seasons
Part 1: Autumn
By Zheng Buyin
Since time immemorial, China has applied special healing arts which view mankind in a holistic manner and take into consideration mankind’s special relationship with nature. Chinese healing arts present ways of overcoming bad habits and building up positive qualities. They strive for a life in harmony with nature and allow both effective prevention and deep healing of illnesses. Zheng Buyin presents this overarching approach and gives practical tips for a form of life-care in harmony with the seasons – in this issue of the journal focussing on autumn.
Effectiveness of Qigong, Taijiquan and Yiquan Results and conclusions of the IQTÖ questionnaire study in the winter season 2014/15
IQTÖ research group: Andreas Gleiß, Susanne Bukovec with support by Edith Amann, Maria Lanser and Angela Cooper
In the winter semester 2014/15 the Interest Group of Qigong, Taiji Quan and Yi Quan Teachers in Austria (IQTÖ) carried out a questionnaire-based survey among the participants of courses given by IQTÖ members in this semester. The study had two aims: firstly to chart the motivation, expectations, feelings and complaints of the participants, and secondly to chart the changes between the start and end of the semesters. Andreas Gleiß and Susanne Bukovec have summarised the implementation methods and the results of the study. A critical discussion at the end is intended to facilitate similar studies in the future.
»It’s like poetry«
Interview with Barry McGinlay
There are very different opinions on the importance of partner training in Taijiquan. Almut Schmitz talked to Barry McGinlay, a prominent advocate of partner work and a popular teacher and coach, about his path to Taijiquan and the importance of partner exercises. In the view of Barry McGinlay, solo and partner training support and enrich each other. Here he puts strong emphasis on building up partner work step-by-step so as to enable his students to develop their structure and self-confidence and to avoid any unnecessary risk of injury. In this context it is useful to start in a fixed-step position. He sees participation in competitions as a possibility for intensifying one’s own training, testing one’s abilities under these special conditions and meeting like-minded people.