On the origins of Taijiquan in the art of war
On the Taiji path with sabre and sword – Fighting principles and training methods
By Jan Harloff-Puhr
After Jan Harloff-Puhr examined the historical development and the cultural significance of the sword and sabre in the previous part of his article, he now describes the principles for training and fighting with these classical bladed weapons. Here the path leads from basic exercises through solo forms and fixed partner routines on to free sparring, using suitable weapons with a low risk of injury.
How can Taijiquan be judged?
A comparison of Taiji rule sets regarding forms and one-on-one fights
By Jan Leminsky
Although Taijiquan tournaments remain a controversial issue in Europe, they are part of the overall spectrum and are gradually becoming more popular. Their success depends strongly on understandable rules and how these are applied. Jan Leminsky, who himself organises tournaments, explains the rule sets customary in Germany and compares them to those used in the People’s Republic of China. He discusses form demonstrations as well as fixed and moving step tuishou competitions.
How our martial roots give us strength
A positive approach to aggression in Qigong and in Taijiquan
By Dieter Mayer
Generally speaking Qigong and Taijiquan are regarded as gentle movement arts, but a holistic art should also include the element of wood. Aggression, anger and fighting spirit are part of life and it is sensible to channel these energies into life-promoting directions. Dieter Mayer advocates that fighting should be granted space and that aggression should be dealt with consciously. This applies both to those who find it hard to rein in aggression and to those with aggression inhibitions who tend to pull back right from the start.
Qigong for meditators
Energy cultivation for a deepened practice
By Teja Bell
While Qigong can be a self-sufficient meditative practice, it can also benefit people who practice a form of meditation with less physical emphasis and can connect them with the energetic level of their being. Teja Bell, who has decades of experience in internal martial arts, Zen meditation and Qigong, presents four exercises that are simple to practice but nonetheless intensive. These provide an introduction to energy cultivation, promote and make tangible the circulation of Qi in the body and provide physical relief, especially for the spine. These exercises help not only to compensate and support those who are engaged in sitting meditation; for other people too they can open up the connection between body, breath, Qi and consciousness and develop a quality of presence awareness.
»Training standards for Qigong and their further development«
TQJ colloquy and public panel discussion
On 1 March 2013 the TQJ issued an invitation to a public discussion by a panel of experts on training standards for Qigong. Moderated by Dietlind Zimmermann and Helmut Oberlack, various representatives of large professional associations, the DAK testing commission, the German Gymnastics Federation (DTB) and the adult education centres discussed which requirements they set for course instructors and for those who train them. This showed that the participants shared many viewpoints but that there were also some issues that were regarded differently and that require further clarification. This applies particularly to the nature and the scope of the training provided for methodical and didactical aspects. The proposal by Johann Bölts that the instructor trainers should hold an academic degree was not backed by the other participants. Another question so far unanswered was how the inner qualities in Qigong could be considered in an assessment and whether this is desirable.